Saturday, August 31, 2019
Case #2; Panasonic and JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Changing Culture 1. Some of the drivers of the cultural changes in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s with Panasonic were that JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s generation of workers, starting with the generation born in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, did not wholly believe in being a Ã¢â¬Å"salarymanÃ¢â¬ and working for a company from when they start until when they retire. After many years, in the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s Japan entered an economic slump that lasted the majority of the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s.Only a few companies at first started to lay off employees and go back on their promises of employment until retirement because the older their workers, although they worked hard, also were less efficient than younger workers were. As the younger generations saw this happening they concluded that loyalty to both the company and workers would not be reciprocated anymore and became less harder working than previous. This undermined the traditional culture in Japan of the central bargains of housing and reti rement packages for an employees hard work and loyalty. 2.JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s businesses in the future have to operate with more than one plan when they hire workers to effectively. In 1999 Panasonic gave recruits three different choices when they were signed on in employment. They could continue with being given housing, go free to company social events, and buy cheaper services from banks, while also receiving a two year salary bonus when they retired. They could choose to forgo the retirement bonus, while keeping the company housing and be given a higher salary, or they could forgo the retirement bonus and any subsidized services but would be given an even higher salary.In addition to the changes in hiring, companies needed employees to be more risk taking and needed to encourage individuality which is something that was not very prevalent in Japan. Without employees taking risks, companies would suffer and that is what happened to Panasonic as they were forced to close thirty factori es, and cut 13,000 jobs while selling Ã¢â¬Å"huge amounts of assetsÃ¢â¬ . 3. Japanese culture in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s-1980Ã¢â¬â¢s benefited Panasonic greatly because of how after the World War II defeat, Japan was humiliated and it seemed fair that they would be taken care of if they worked hard for their company.For Panasonic this was a great thing because employees worked extremely hard for the greater good of Panasonic and Panasonic responded by giving the employees Ã¢â¬Å"blessingsÃ¢â¬ of company housing, and free social events. 4. With Panasonic cutting 15,000 employees and closing another additional 27 plants, Panasonic is trying to achieve a lower overhead cost in operation and also is trying to find out who their best workers are so that they are not kept down when they should be promoted.By quickly responding to the recession, it showed a change in PanasonicÃ¢â¬â¢s company policies and shows that they might be moving even further away from company subsidized housing a nd to make employees become harder workers not because they know that they cannot be fired, but that they can be fired, at any time. If Panasonic implements these changes quickly, they will receive a lot of backlash from all those displaced employees and if they did it like this it would truly symbolize how Panasonic has changed into a company that is becoming westernized and is only concerned with how the company does and not their employees.If the changes take years to implement, although it would greatly affect the profitability of the company, it would give employees chances to adapt to changes of no longer being employed and give them chances to be hired in another company. By making changes slowly, Panasonic would be able to claim that it still wished to use the old way of never cutting jobs but it could not do it in this economy and had to do so to survive. 5.The Panasonic case teaches me that there is a fine line between societal culture and business success and sometimes yo u have to be able to choose between the two to realize which is more important to you. To some companies, such as Panasonic, trying hard to keep with the societal culture becomes too much of a strain for a company to bear so they are forced to adapt and realize that business success is more important that having all your workers love you. It may not be the type of business practice that gives you the best reputation but it will give you the greatest profit margins.
Friday, August 30, 2019
This paper provides information about the requirement of qualified teachers for minorities. The issue of the distribution of knowledgeable and highly skilled teachers is also discussed in this paper. The emphasis is made on the need of highly qualified teachers for minor students to get the equal educational opportunity. Highly qualified teachers are essential for the academic growth of students. Unfortunately, minorities are not receiving high quality education. For example, in California, there are several schools in which number of minor students is very high. These schools are low-income schools. It is also found that approximately 40,000 teachers go to their respective classrooms without doing necessary lecture preparation (Shields et al. 2001). As already known that highly qualified teachers are essential for student learning, there is a major threat towards to access of high quality education and thus the minor students are at greater risk to have equality educational opportunity (Wright, Horn, & Sanders, 1997) California is the state in which the number of students is the maximum among all the states but it is ranked 38th when California is considered in terms of expenditures per student. It is also found that several under qualified teachers were employed in California in schools populated with minorities in 1990s because funding was very less for those schools. The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) found out in 1998 that The gap in expenditures for education between the high-spending and low-spending school districts in our state . . . has risen to $4,480. . . . Perhaps the most disturbing part of this statewide picture is that many of the disparities noted above are consistently and pervasively related to the socioeconomic and racial-ethnic composition of the student bodies in school as well as the geographical location of schools. That is, schools in our low socioeconomic communities as well as our neighborhoods with a predominance of Black and Latino families often have dilapidated facilities, few or inadequate science laboratories, teachers in secondary schools providing instruction in classes for which they have no credential, curriculum that is unimaginative and boring, and teachers who change schools yearly and lack the professional development to complement their teaching with new instructional strategies and materials. (CPEC, 1998, p. 29) Distinct inequality in progressing in education can be seen in schools populated with majority of minor students. This is due to the employment of under qualified teachers. Minor students are at greater risk to grow. It is also found that most of the schools populated with high-density of minor students have under qualified teachers. In other words, under qualified teachers are employed most to the schools with high density of minor students (Rivkin, Hanushek, & Kain, 2000) Whereas affluent schools do not possess a high number of under qualified teachers. Students with low socioeconomic status are more likely to have under qualified teachers and thus their academic achievements are also low. Pace (2000) did an analysis of this situation and stated: Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËOver the past six years, this relationship (between socio-economic measures and achievement scores) has strengthened, not diminished.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ Conclusion The United States is in great need of highly qualified teachers for minor students too to bring them forward in all the fields of life. References California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC). (1998, December). Toward a greater understanding of the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s educational equity policies, programs, and practices (Commission Report 98-5). Sacramento: Author. Policy Analysis for California Education (PACE). (2000). Crucial issues in California education 2000: Are the reform pieces fitting together? Berkeley: Author. Rivkin, S. G., Hanushek, E. A., & Kain, J. F. (2000). Teachers, schools, and academic achievement (Working paper No. 6691). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Shields, P. M., Humphrey, D. C., Wechsler, M. E., Riel, L. M., Tiffany-Morales, J., Woodworth, K., Youg, V. M., & Price, T. (2001). The status of the teaching profession 2001. Santa Cruz, CA: The Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning. Wright, S. P., Horn, S. P., & Sanders, W. L. (1997). Teacher and classroom context effects on student achievement: Implications for teacher evaluation. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 11, 57Ã¢â¬â67. Ã Ã
Thursday, August 29, 2019
Anything that's not straight news, editorial or sport. Gives a human dimension to the news Responds to the reader's curiosity while entertaining at the same time Truth and accuracy are still Important Can't tolerated Ã¢â¬ NOT Inverted pyramid style Sub-stories of the news Skills similar to fiction writers Narrates that keeps the readers absorbed Brings out the drama of people's lives Know which details to highlight Vivid descriptions -Colorful dialogue -Humor Begins with an anecdote -memorable ending A nut graph rather than a lead Feature writing tells the reader a story.It has a beginning (lead), middle and end. It uses quote liberally (It mean generously If you're too lazy to search It up) and allows the reader to see the story through detailed description and vivid writing. Topic-Background inf001nterview0Expert testimony 1) Lead: Most interesting information. Something that will grab the reader's attention and drag them into the story. 2) Nut Graph: A summary of what the story is going to be about. Why the story is important 3) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story 4)Transition: Next important fact. Use transition words to help the story flow. They can be facts, indirect facts indirect quotes or partial quotes 5) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story 6) Transition: Next important fact. Use transition words to help the story flow. They can be facts, indirect facts indirect quotes or partial quotes 7) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story Types of Feature Stories: Concentrate on the business ownerLook for their competitions If there's no info, concentrate on how they started business. Should not be written like an advertisement B) The commemorative story Pegged to the anniversary of an earlier news event Written at the 1st ann iversary Interview people who was involved in the story (e. G anniversary of the death of Kennedy) C) The Explanatory story Very detailed Requires saturation research C) The first-person story Something dramatic happens to the writer Story with I or you is used in a suspenseful event D) The historical story Loosely pegged to a breaking news eventWriters research in the library Show readers how their community would changed E) The Hobbyist story Make sure you're writing about the biggest or the best unusual collection in your area Talk to other collectors F) How-to story Interview with 1 or more experts who advise the reader how to accomplish a tricky task Timeless article but could be pegged to a season G) The invention story Good feature material Inventor will not usually give interviews unless they know their idea is protected Timing is the key. Talk about an invention H) The medical story Medical breakthrough storyThe struggle to overcome illness l) The number story: Interviews w ith experts and a familiar # Ã¢â¬Å"10 ways to deliver baby.. Ã¢â¬ Or Ã¢â¬Å"10 restaurants in NYC you must go W' J) The odd- occupation story Find a person with a weird Job such like a window washer for skyscrapers Basically a profile but about a weird Job K) Review Book, restaurant You need to be an expert to know this topic L) Trend Silly ban, fashion trends Examines something that is a trend in society Begins with examples M) The service article Provides service to reader Help readers cope with problems in lifeN) The overview story Overview of a problem Statistics with expert, humanistic qualities O) The participatory story First hand knowledge You go and try it yourself and basically Ã¢â¬Å"participateÃ¢â¬ in it P) The Profile Story Profile any one Pick someone of interest, ask for interview, research Groups, institutions, events, things Q) The Unfamiliar visitor story: Offer unique insight of a problem, culture, or event through a eyes of a person E. G bombing in airport , interview Arab student R) Catalogs List things but not in numerical order but Just in a list S) Interview storySubject be a person of interest Written in 3rd person Includes direct or indirect Feature leads Delayed- withholds essential information for a few paragraphs Descriptive (situation lead or anecdotal lead)- paints a word portrait of a person, group, place or event Direct address- Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬ involves reader Expression lead- use proverbs, mottos First person lead-using Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ Freak lead- are rare, includes definition, fragments, poetry, puns. Short words. Question lead: Last resort; should be avoided Quotation lead; direct, indirect, or partial quotation. Tied to some sort of description f the person.Relationship lead- most common feature article lead. Describe cause and effect Surprise lead- astonished, punch, or cartridge lead. Shocks the reader and will only be clear after they read the body. Summary lead- sums up in a few sentences How to write the body o f the story Transitionolinkingobridge word Words that connect- e. G. Also, and, another, besides Bridge words- are words that are the identical or synonymous. Sentences that bridge- Sentences has to be moved around so that the passage would make sense. Writing Gremlins Long paragraphs Weak verbs Wordiness Jargon- Feature article Anything that's not straight news, editorial or sport. Gives a human dimension to the news Responds to the reader's curiosity while entertaining at the same time Truth and accuracy are still Important Can't tolerated Ã¢â¬ NOT Inverted pyramid style Sub-stories of the news Skills similar to fiction writers Narrates that keeps the readers absorbed Brings out the drama of people's lives Know which details to highlight Vivid descriptions -Colorful dialogue -Humor Begins with an anecdote -memorable ending A nut graph rather than a lead Feature writing tells the reader a story.It has a beginning (lead), middle and end. It uses quote liberally (It mean generously If you're too lazy to search It up) and allows the reader to see the story through detailed description and vivid writing. Topic-Background inf001nterview0Expert testimony 1) Lead: Most interesting information. Something that will grab the reader's attention and drag them into the story. 2) Nut Graph: A summary of what the story is going to be about. Why the story is important 3) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story 4)Transition: Next important fact. Use transition words to help the story flow. They can be facts, indirect facts indirect quotes or partial quotes 5) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story 6) Transition: Next important fact. Use transition words to help the story flow. They can be facts, indirect facts indirect quotes or partial quotes 7) Direct quote: Connects to the nut graph. Use more than one sentence. Direct quotes should show emotion of the story Types of Feature Stories: Concentrate on the business ownerLook for their competitions If there's no info, concentrate on how they started business. Should not be written like an advertisement B) The commemorative story Pegged to the anniversary of an earlier news event Written at the 1st ann iversary Interview people who was involved in the story (e. G anniversary of the death of Kennedy) C) The Explanatory story Very detailed Requires saturation research C) The first-person story Something dramatic happens to the writer Story with I or you is used in a suspenseful event D) The historical story Loosely pegged to a breaking news eventWriters research in the library Show readers how their community would changed E) The Hobbyist story Make sure you're writing about the biggest or the best unusual collection in your area Talk to other collectors F) How-to story Interview with 1 or more experts who advise the reader how to accomplish a tricky task Timeless article but could be pegged to a season G) The invention story Good feature material Inventor will not usually give interviews unless they know their idea is protected Timing is the key. Talk about an invention H) The medical story Medical breakthrough storyThe struggle to overcome illness l) The number story: Interviews w ith experts and a familiar # Ã¢â¬Å"10 ways to deliver baby.. Ã¢â¬ Or Ã¢â¬Å"10 restaurants in NYC you must go W' J) The odd- occupation story Find a person with a weird Job such like a window washer for skyscrapers Basically a profile but about a weird Job K) Review Book, restaurant You need to be an expert to know this topic L) Trend Silly ban, fashion trends Examines something that is a trend in society Begins with examples M) The service article Provides service to reader Help readers cope with problems in lifeN) The overview story Overview of a problem Statistics with expert, humanistic qualities O) The participatory story First hand knowledge You go and try it yourself and basically Ã¢â¬Å"participateÃ¢â¬ in it P) The Profile Story Profile any one Pick someone of interest, ask for interview, research Groups, institutions, events, things Q) The Unfamiliar visitor story: Offer unique insight of a problem, culture, or event through a eyes of a person E. G bombing in airport , interview Arab student R) Catalogs List things but not in numerical order but Just in a list S) Interview storySubject be a person of interest Written in 3rd person Includes direct or indirect Feature leads Delayed- withholds essential information for a few paragraphs Descriptive (situation lead or anecdotal lead)- paints a word portrait of a person, group, place or event Direct address- Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬ involves reader Expression lead- use proverbs, mottos First person lead-using Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ Freak lead- are rare, includes definition, fragments, poetry, puns. Short words. Question lead: Last resort; should be avoided Quotation lead; direct, indirect, or partial quotation. Tied to some sort of description f the person.Relationship lead- most common feature article lead. Describe cause and effect Surprise lead- astonished, punch, or cartridge lead. Shocks the reader and will only be clear after they read the body. Summary lead- sums up in a few sentences How to write the body o f the story Transitionolinkingobridge word Words that connect- e. G. Also, and, another, besides Bridge words- are words that are the identical or synonymous. Sentences that bridge- Sentences has to be moved around so that the passage would make sense. Writing Gremlins Long paragraphs Weak verbs Wordiness Jargon-
Georgetown Cupcake - Essay Example Introduction The paper intends to provide an overview of an American bakery company, i.e. Georgetown CupcakeÃ¢â¬â¢s current status in the market, their history, along with the products and services they offer to satisfy the needs of the customers. The study also analyses the marketing strategies of Georgetown Cupcake. The study further concentrates on the weaknesses and threats of this organization with the intention to develop an effective market plan. History of Georgetown Cupcake Georgetown Cupcake was established by the two sisters, named Katherine Kallins and Sophie LaMontagne in Georgetown, Washington DC. These sisters are very passionate about preparing the cupcakes and designing them beautifully to turn them as artful and delicious as well. Both the sisters were encouraged and inspired by their grandmother to commence Georgetown Cupcake and hence they established it on February 2008 as decadeÃ¢â¬â¢s first and the single cupcakery (Georgetown Cupcake, Ã¢â¬Å"The Cupcake SistersÃ¢â¬ ). Georgetown Cupcake maintains a healthy relationship with their community participating in most of the events in their neighborhood. Georgetown Cupcake also supports the national charitable organizations and the local charitable organizations too. They have already earned sustainable goodwill in the US market as their products are also loved and praised by their consumers. Thus, the organization has also earned substantial customer satisfaction within its short-term performance (Georgetown Cupcake, Ã¢â¬Å"The Cupcake SistersÃ¢â¬ ). They have donated more than 10,000 pieces of cupcakes to charitable organizations and other charitable causes. Georgetown Cupcake assists the government in reducing the unemployment rate to an extent. They offer various facilities and benefits to the employees serving them with health insurance amenities, paid vacations and sick leaves, along with invitations to special occasions and events. Georgetown Cupcake also praises and gives awards to the employee s on the basis of their performance and tends to encourage and motivates them for their better contribution to the productivity of the organization (Georgetown Cupcake, Ã¢â¬Å"The Cupcake SistersÃ¢â¬ ). The Market Scenario of Georgetown In Georgetown, Georgetown Cupcake faces competition from other well known bakery organizations. Some of the major competitors in its target market are Baker and Wired, Georgetown Scoops and Sprinkles. The community of Georgetown is observed to be enthusiastic cake lovers. At times, experts have also observed that the bakery market dominates other junk food markets. Moreover, the product seems to be cost effective to the consumers as well as easily available as stated by the residents of the Georgetown. Besides, another reason behind the growth of the market is that a standard cake consumes thirty five to forty minutes to be baked, whereas the cupcakes consume hardly ten to fifteen minutes to be baked. On the similar context, according to the bakers , the standard cakes requires a certain span of time, i.e. at least one hour to be decorated for final presentation, whereas cupcakes take only 20 minutes to be made consumable (Key, Ã¢â¬Å"Cupcake-Mania Sweeping the Streets of GeorgetownÃ¢â¬ ). Georgetown Cupcake has already acquired a large market share than the other competitors. For instance, in US, a huge amount of customers await in the queues in front of the shop to purchase the cupcakes. Georgetown Cupcake is well reputed as DC cupcakes among tourists visiting the city. However, Georgetown Cupcakes can also be observed to possess certain advantages along with few disadvantages in relation to its organizational operations. For instance, one of the competitors of the organization, i.e. Georgetown Scoops claims that they bake the best cupcakes in town. They have also applied a
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
Covenant of the Old Testament - Research Paper Example Meaning of Covenant Covenant is considered as an agreement taking place between two people as a method to relate with the God. The term Ã¢â¬ËcovenantÃ¢â¬â¢ has been derived from Hebrew roots which refers the action Ã¢â¬Ëto cutÃ¢â¬â¢. With concern to the meaning of covenant as specified in the Holy BibleÃ¢â¬â¢s Old Testament, it has often been categorised as the most significant term defining the relationship between God and His people. In a Biblical sense, a covenant means much more than a contract or a mere concurrence taking place between two parties. The term Ã¢â¬ËcovenantÃ¢â¬â¢, in the Old Testament, offers an additional insight to the meaning of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s expectation from humans. The act of covenant, in particular tends to demonstrate the tradition, where two people with agreement attempted to pass through the cut bodies of assassinated animals as a method to get closer to the divine soul. However, other acts of covenant were learnt to have possibly taken place in terms of circumcision and also by sprinkling animal blood on the people engaged in the agreement. Such a ceremony escorted the making of the agreement in the Old Testament. ... However, it has been noted that He approves of entering into an agreement with the man who tends to be weak, sinful as well as flawed in order to direct them in the path of wisdom and peace (Schulten, Ã¢â¬Å"Legal Models For The Old Testament Covenants: An Issue of Contract or Real Property LawÃ¢â¬ ). While entering into relationship with man, God was found to possess unilateral freedom. Therefore, He began, defined as well as confirmed each of the agreement not depending upon the human merits but completely according to His own elegance as well as clemency. Consequentially, the role of human beings has been to act as a recipient rather than acting as a contributor. People did not bargain, barter or dared to contradict with God. However, it was found that man beheld his power to decide upon whether to keep with the promises made to the God or to reject them; to obey Him or to transgress. Hence, stating precisely, God was completely accountable to look after covenantal security. The role of man was thus restricted to believe and obey (Weinfeld, Ã¢â¬Å"The Covenant of Grant in the Old Testament and in the Ancient Near EastÃ¢â¬ ). There are nearly six covenants in the Old Testament. The Covenant with Adam It is worth mentioning that the first covenant enacted in the Garden of Eden was in agreement with Adam and Eve where the Holy Spirit explicitly directed them stating, Ã¢â¬Å"You must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat it, you will surely dieÃ¢â¬ . According to the description given in the Old Testament, Eve was the first sinner as she had contradicted the order of the Holy Spirit. Consequentially, when Adam followed the same path making a sin,
Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Collaborative work in IDE development - Essay Example As a Project Manager, adapting to changing request is a crucial factor that can be the pinnacle of the success or the failure of any given project. The programmers are able to mimic the code and Ã¢â¬ËlingoÃ¢â¬â¢ of the code in a very easy manner which makes development much more feasible. Visual Studio IDE also takes the workload of coding much more feasible. Visual Studios allows around the functionality of drag and drop to be supplemented with actual coding. This is perfect for even new developers who can drag and drop and then code with objects. An IDE that is somewhat similar to it is Java Eclipse. It allows individuals to have open source coding that be beneficial. IDEs are greater because even non-programmers can see the notes instead of just CLI. Java again is open source, but C-sharp is easier to program. It does diminish the value of coding because the complexity to code itself becomes easier. However even with IDEs, the role of programmers and scope has never been reduc ed. With the recent advent of enhancements, visual IDEs can even transform GUI based projects using Agile methodology, gathering business requirements, creating workflows and wireframes. Imagine a wireframe that can converted into actual OOP. Microsoft Visual Studio IDE allows each sprint to have something testable and can be given to the client much quicker than
Monday, August 26, 2019
Alternate Energy Engineering - Turbine Blades - Research Paper Example Both the types of wind turbines have the different orientation of blades. For three blade design of either VAWT or HAWT, there is a 120o angular difference between the blades. For two blade design, the angular difference between the blades is 180o and for four-blade design, the angular difference between the blades is 90o. Importance of turbine bladesTurbine blades are the most important part of the wind turbine. Conventionally turbine blades are manufactured with tensile metals which are then reinforced with ceramics, other metals, fiberglass or then some materials to enhance the durability of the blades and reduce the metallic characteristics of fatigue, rupture, and corrosion (Quarton, 6). Turbine blades collect the kinetic energy of wind and transform it into mechanical energy by reacting against the kinetic energy of the wind. The energy transferred from the wind is directly proportional to the speed of the wind. On the other hand, the reacting surface area of the wind turbine b lades also matters a lot. On the other hand, it is important to design the turbine blades in the manner that they produce no hurdle in transferring energy from the wind to the rotor. A wind turbine may have multiple turbine blades but wind turbine should have at least two turbine blades that should be properly balanced with respect to each other and with respect to the rotor of the wind turbine. Any imperfection in the wind turbine blades results in effective power loss and rupturing with continuous use.
Sunday, August 25, 2019
Thomas Nagel. What is the thesis of Nagel's article The Absurd - Essay Example He mostly takes the key concern on meaning of life. Thomas Nagel sets out that there are good grounds that make absurd to apply to lives. He viewed that our lives are absurd therefore meaningless that is absurdum. In his article, Nagel opens by stating four reasons for absurdum. The first reason he cites is that our being here will not be important for a very long time from now. He states nothing we do now will matter in million years to come. Thomas Nagel said thatÃ¢â¬ by the same token, nothing that will be the case in a million years matters now.Ã¢â¬ He goes on and says that everything we do now in a million times will be meaningless. (Joad, 1944).Ã The second cite for absurdum is that he sees that we are very small as compared to the entire universe. Thomas says that the whole universe is infinite large as compared to our lives, therefore our lives are absurd for now. ... (Jaspers, 1969).Ã In ordinary life, life itself is absurd; Nagel puts that Ã¢â¬Å"when it includes a conspicuous discrepancy between pretension or aspiration and reality: someone gives a complicated speech in support of a motion that has already been passedÃ¢â¬ in addition, Thomas Nagel continues to consider what count good ground for his thesis. He claims we try to check one that has aspiration and reality. Nagel went ahead and gave an example, to demonstrate this being knighted just as trousers fall down. He went ahead and said that for most of time we live our lives as if they are not absurd, as if there is no nothing that brings changes between our aspiration and reality that makes our live absurd. Nagel had certain perspective in mind that we look at our lives from a stand, which is not involving. In this stand, we can step back and find the whole system of critics and justifications, which controls our supports and our claims to rationality which rests upon our habits the refore we should know how to disagree without circularity. Generally Nagel claims that absurd is striking sort of thing in our lives. The most interesting aspects of his article are the problem that Nagel connects problem of the meaning of life to other problems of epistemological of radical skepticsÃ¢â¬â¢. Actually, he claims that such skeptic come in when there is use of disengaged standpoint. Thomas Nagel says that both cases someone wills recognizes the justification made which cannot be justified without the threat of circularity. Thomas Nagel claims, Ã¢â¬Å"In both cases the final, philosophical doubt is not contrasted with any unchallenged certainties, though it is arrived at by extrapolation from examples of doubt within the system of evidence or
Saturday, August 24, 2019
Film Asssignment - Term Paper Example Regarding BenjaminÃ¢â¬â¢s physical aspects, he was brought out into this world with the body and face of an old man. Instead of having smooth and soft baby skin, he was all wrinkled and weathered. In the movie, one of the old women commented, Ã¢â¬Å"he just looks like my ex-husbandÃ¢â¬ . Everybody was shocked because of his elderly appearance. He had liver spots and was relatively thin. Like any other elderly, he had a small amount of subcutaneous fat. At babyhood stage, he was a clumsy walker. It was not because he was still learning how to saunter but because he had very weak limbs. At 7 years old, he was in a wheel-chair. In a certain scene, he was striving hard to walk during a church service. Moreover, he was being assisted in almost all kinds of self-help skills including bathing since he was not yet able to fully rely on his dexterities. People in the old age have mobility challenges because of structural alterations in joints, ligaments, and bones. Similarly, muscle volum e decreases as well as strength and endurance. As a couple of years passed, he began to wear eye glasses to cope with his low vision. He was also using a hearing device in sensing the sound of fork dropping on his plate. Indeed, hearing and seeing become challenging as each cell in the body deteriorates. Furthermore, his voice sounded crackled and coarse. Due to muscle atrophy, the vocal cords lose mass and tissues become less flexible as they thin out. These changes make the voice sound Ã¢â¬Å"oldÃ¢â¬ . As for his psychological aspect, he was concerned with death and dying. Like the senior citizens around him, he was wondering if he still had years or days to spare. One night, he asked his mother, Ã¢â¬Å"Mama, how much long do I gotÃ¢â¬ . It is common for people in the old age to think of the imminent end. Pondering on it may help in accepting the reality of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s end. In relation to Erik EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, the last developmental stage is concerned with integrity versus despair. This means that people would have honor if they would feel that they have led an overall successful life. On the other hand, despair would ensue if the past seems to be riddled with regrets, mistakes, frustrations, and wasted opportunities. BenjaminÃ¢â¬â¢s exasperation was apparent when he was reflecting on what was happening day by day. He noticed the routine of his household and his neighbourhood. Typically, folks wake up at 5:30 and everyone goes on with their respective schedules. Hence, when a visitor came and shared his experiences in various places, Benjamin got greatly interested. He was very much curious of the culture and the people outside his safe town. He also wanted to lead a rich life. Seemingly, he had the motivation to break free from the repetitive norm and have integrity by pursuing lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s challenges. He agreed to go out and have a glimpse of the alfresco world. Though he lost his way home and tediously walked going home until midnight, he branded that day as the best one in his life. He probably said that because it was the moment when he discovered that he can work towards achieving integrity in his ostensibly despairing existence. Regarding his socio emotional aspect, he did not have much of a hard time blending in at first since they all looked the same. Like the others in the nursing home, he had some routines that made him feel secure. Older adults feel safer when they do not have to worry much about otherÃ¢â¬â¢
Friday, August 23, 2019
McCarthyism - Essay Example Americans were shaken and afraid. The Soviet sweeping occupation of Eastern Europe occurred immediately following WWII. In effect, Russia replaced Germany and Japan as the American nemesis. The Ã¢â¬Å"Godless CommunistsÃ¢â¬ became a clear and present danger to a nation primed, ready and seemingly anxious to accept the Soviets as the new enemy of the Ã¢â¬Å"American Way.Ã¢â¬ Senator Joseph McCarthy seized upon this fear for, some would insist, purely political gain. He held hearings designed to weed-out subversives and communist sympathizers so as to keep America clean of communism. Instead, this time in history, the early 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, is shamefully known as McCarthyism, a term that has since become a synonym for Ã¢â¬Å"witch hunt.Ã¢â¬ When World War II finally ended in 1945 Americans were war-weary and scared of a new threat, the Soviet Union. The Soviets had taken the place of Germany in the hearts and minds of Americans because it was emulating the aggressive, imperialis tic tendencies of the Third Reich. The difference being the Soviets now had a military that more or less matched the strength of the U.S., was a larger country and had a long-established communist philosophy which it was also spreading rapidly throughout Eastern Europe. The Soviets also had the atomic bomb by 1949 and was increasing its rocket capabilities, a move than would ultimately pit the two world superpowers in the space race of the late 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s through the1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. The threat of nuclear annihilation and/or a communist takeover was very real in the minds of 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s-50Ã¢â¬â¢s America. The sales of backyard bomb shelters were booming and the propaganda machines left over from the Nazi era was in full production mode. Communists, known simply as Ã¢â¬Å"RedsÃ¢â¬ were feared and thought to be lurking just about anywhere, the guy in the office next to yours, neighbors, long-term friends and family. Communist theories were supposedly hiding within the meanings of literary phrases and all types of media including the news. Ã¢â¬Å"A curious process of symbolic transference was at work whereby symbols applied to Hitlerite Germany were projected onto the USSR on account of the dangerous Ã¢â¬ËRed FascismÃ¢â¬â¢ promoted by StalinÃ¢â¬ (Sproule, 208). This era was not the first threat of communism in America. The initial wave of Ã¢â¬Å"commieÃ¢â¬ paranoia came in 1917 after the Russian Revolution. Anti-communist sentiment subsided during the 1920 and Ã¢â¬Ë30Ã¢â¬â¢s when it was replaced by anti-fascism. The Ã¢â¬Å"Second Red ScareÃ¢â¬ lasted from about 1947 to 1957. McCarthyism and anti-communist sentiments could not have gained traction without the high intensity propaganda campaign encouraged by the government to discourage subversives and by corporations in their effort to undermine unions. R.J. Reynolds, a large tobacco company, initiated a widespread multi-million dollar campaign to notify the country about the communistic ch aracter of labor unions, particularly the union representing tobacco workers. This tactic caught on rapidly with other industries resulting in plummeting union membership numbers across the country for several decades. This effort continues today but the fear-based term is now Ã¢â¬Å"socialism.Ã¢â¬ The U.S. and Soviet Union were firmly engaged in what is famously known as the Cold War. It was a fought on two fronts, a mass military build-up and a propaganda blitz. During this time of the second red scare, many local and state governments along with public schools and
Thursday, August 22, 2019
Lenove - Research Paper Example & ESTIMATES - LENOVO GROUP LTD (992) 28 Quarterly Earnings for Lenovo Group Limited 29 ANNUAL EARNINGS & ESTIMATES - LENOVO GROUP LTD (992) 29 Annual Earnings for Lenovo Group Limited's 29 QUARTERLY REVENUES - LENOVO GROUP LTD (992) 29 Quarterly Revenues Lenovo Group Limited's 30 ANNUAL REVENUES - LENOVO GROUP LTD (992) 30 Annual Revenues for Lenovo Group Limited 30 CONCLUSION 31 LENOVO GROUP LIMITED PART A- CURRENT SITUATION ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION Lenovo Group Limited is a renowned name in the manufacturing of computer hardware products. This report will focus on the complete analysis of the company including the complete competitive edge which it has in the market. This report will also debate on the current strategic direction on which the company has aligned itself to. Apart from this the major issues which the company is facing and the tactics which have been designed by the management to overcome these issues will be discussed. The company and the stakeholderÃ¢â¬â¢s view of th e company will be seen speculated to comment or prescribe better ways to improve the performance of the company. In another part of this report the personal assessment of the company from the viewpoint of an individual who wishes to apply in the company for a job will be discussed. This discussion will include the complete analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and the threats which the company may face and the complete analysis of the financial position of the company will be analyzed. The purpose would be to speculate the performance of the company and the future growth which the company plans to attain in the future. COMPANY OVERVIEW Lenovo Group Limited is a renowned name in the computer industry. It is a Chinese company with operations spread across the globe. The headquarters of the company is located in two countries. One is located in Beijing, China and another is at Morrisville, North Carolina. The registered office of the company is in Hong Kong, China. Lenov o is known across the globe for selling Tablet PCÃ¢â¬â¢s Servers Electronic storage devices SoftwareÃ¢â¬â¢s Smart Phones etc. Lenovo was recognized as the second largest PC vendor for the year 2012. Its operations are spread across sixty companies of the globe with sales in more than 160 countries. The company was founded in 1984 in the capital city of China, Beijing and was incorporated in 1988 in Hong Kong. Lenovo is a listed company and is also considered as a Ã¢â¬Å"Red ChipÃ¢â¬ company. AN ANALYSIS OF THE INDUSTRY To analyze the computer industry in terms of the functions and the operations of the business the Porters Five Forces Analysis must be done. The components of the Porters
Ã¢â¬Å"To His Coy MistressÃ¢â¬ by Andrew Marvell Essay Andrew MarvellÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"to his coy mistressÃ¢â¬ is about a man trying to convince a mistress to love and enter a sexual relationship with him because life is too short. But the woman is being coy and playing coy games. The man says that her virginity or beauty will last forever so she needs to make use of it while sheÃ¢â¬â¢s still young and alive otherwise nobody will be interested in or want her. The purpose of this poem is to show that some people will do or say anything just so they get what they want. The emotion this poem creates is a passion for love and what may happen if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t make love. This poem uses many craftsmanship techniques such as structure, language and sounds, imagery, and movement. The poem is structured into three stanzas or poetic paragraphs. These stanzas do not have regular lines but every stanza has paired lines that have the same rhythm and rhyme. The poem has language that is very vivid. It is also presented in a dramatic monologue with lots of exaggeration of time. The effect of language on the poem is that it makes the poem beautiful and provoking. There were three main techniques used. The first technique is Simile. Simile is used to give us a greater understanding and image of what is going on with the man and the woman. An example of a simile used is the line Ã¢â¬Å"and now, like Ã¢â¬Å"amÃ¢â¬â¢rous birds of preyÃ¢â¬ . The effect of simile in this poem is that we would now have a better understand of what the situation is like. Another technique used is allusion. Allusion is used to give a deeper meaning to a poem by referring to another work that has a similar theme. It can give the reader a better understanding of the poem. Two examples of allusion are the lines Ã¢â¬Å"love you ten years before the floodÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Till the conversion of the JewsÃ¢â¬ . The effect allusion in this poem is that it is a way for the poet to emphasize the main point the poet is trying to make Ã¢â¬â which is that the man would love the woman ten years before the beginning of the world until the end of the world. The last technique used is symbolism. Symbolism is used to add a hidden layer of depth into the poem and it also lets the poet create images in the poem. An example of symbolism used is the line Ã¢â¬Å"my vegetable love should growÃ¢â¬ . The word vegetable used in that line is to suggest the growing sense of the manÃ¢â¬â¢s love. The effect of symbolism in this poem is to show the manÃ¢â¬â¢s love for the woman and how it will never stop yet it will keep on growing. In conclusion, Ã¢â¬Å"to his coy mistressÃ¢â¬ has used many craftsmanship techniques to express the poetÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion and to convince the mistress. The poem is special as it includes a dramatic monologue as well as an argument and conclusion. This poem is just like a story.
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
Bulding Suspense In Spielbergs Jaws Film Studies Essay The music is played when the shark comes in distance and closer to the beach. First the music very slowly and when it gets louder and louder we feel like the shark is coming. This sound is like a theme of the film, which makes everyone to keep attention to the film. This type of music is Non-Diegetic music. This gives the audience that they are below the sea imagining the shark is waiting for them. If the shark be revealed straight away, it would destroy the whole story. Stephen Spielberg wants to build suspense by suspense to create the film attentive to it audience. One technique is that the music is used to build up the tension. Example Write here. Stephen Spielberg uses long shot to show this and cover all the details in the proof to show what happened. Second attack was quite different. It is the attack of the little boy whose name was Alex. He swam in his inflatable lilo away from the rocky sand to the sea. When he was there the shark attacked him. We know this by looking from the music and fins coming out from the shark. The camera angles builds up the tension and suspense to show like we are looking from the angle of shark and when the attack happened from the distance it shows people to show exact how the boy was attack. The Director builds up the fear of the shark by making music devious and dangerous like you get on the horror film. Director uses music like dun, dun sound/music that makes you follow the shark on its trail. You will follow the music as well as you are looking from the shark perspective. On this second attack he uses lots of close-up shots of the boy to show off the detail. The camera shot tracking is shown as though as you are shark and following the boy on his lilo. Jump cut is shown to take close shot of the people by cutting people shot one by one. After that camera moves into a close-up of the boy, who is now lying on a yellow lilo. Brody continues to look at the water, which raises tension. When we look around the beach we see yellow objects; umbrella, bathing suits, towels and a boys lilo. This is because yellow associate with fear because most of the warning signs have yellow sings like a hazardous sign. As the camera films the shore, we see a man wearing a yellow shirt playing with his dog. Moments later when he was playing fetch with his dog pippin, pippin goes missing. Dog is nowhere to be seen but only a stick floating on the surface of the sea. This is known as a camera focused, focusing on the stick only and usually called Miss -en- scene. There is no music being played, audience dont know whether the shark came again or the dog run off somewhere along the beach. This creates suspense as well as a fear. Director use number of techniques to build up fear of shark in numerous. At the first attack, Spielberg doesnt reveal the shark so audience will use their imagination a visual picture in their mind of what the attacker looks like. Tension is increased by the music factor. It is played in fast tempo and played in slow and silent way. At the second attack he builds fear for the characters by making a fin visible in the ocean surface bed. This may be first time the audience and characters in the story seen the shark and able to come to decision about first and second attack. Spielberg uses lot of camera techniques as well as music to create the suspense during the story. We hear shark music dun dun sound to tell us that the shark is coming. The music is like a heartbeat which makes louder and louder as it represent mainly shark. The music is like theme or symbol that represents the shark in the film. This is how Spielberg uses the film to become more tense and interesting. As we get to shark, we expect shark to attack or we know it is lurking quite close. Spielberg structured the film so that first and second attacks are together each other. First he kept audience alert at the first attack then continues to build fear and tension at the second attack which we see a boy in his lilo and dog goes missing. Broodys predicted that first attack was done by shark. Most of the films there is some kind of hero. In the film hero is Brody. In first attack he was the male actor to spot the theory of the shark and we were side of him. At the third attack, tension increased after a smaller shark had been killed and it was been killed by two people. But Brody thinks that the shark is too small to bit the people and this tells us more tension is about to come. This third attack is difference by manipulating others. In this attack Spielberg chose Broodys son as an alone poor child. First two attacks were involved strangers, now in the third attack its the Broodys son being involved because this has an effect on Broody. Its the last section of the film which has more tension than any other part. Whereas two attacks had been occurred in beach but now they will be out in sea to catch that killer shark in a small boat. They are fearful because they suddenly remembered that shark will be gone forever. After the investigation team have found a size of the shark, they become more afraid and couldnt believe the size of it. It putting a dramatic suspense on now because the team now realised that they now need a bigger boat to kill the shark. Now the suspense begins and audience knows that shark is going to hunt and maybe eat them. Spielberg made sure the small boat was involved to create that fear, tension and suspense. At the very last, Tension decreased because Broody kills that shark for last blowing the audience remains on seat though out the rest of the film.
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
This paper concentrates on the study of the selected Ã¢â¬ËbakharsÃ¢â¬â¢. The Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢, means a Marathi prose historical narrative. Except Mahikavati bakhar, most of the Ã¢â¬ËbakharsÃ¢â¬â¢ were written from the 17th century to early 19th century. These bakhars were written by Maratha officials on the directions from their masters or senior officials. Those officials were considered as Ã¢â¬ËMahitigarÃ¢â¬â¢ i.e. well-informed and knowledgeable persons. The word Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢ derived from Arabic word Ã¢â¬ËkhabarÃ¢â¬â¢, which means news or information. The bakhars were about biographies of great personalities, descriptions of great battles or genealogies of prominent families. The origin of Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢ literature, from Persian Ã¢â¬ËtawarikhsÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËakhabaratsÃ¢â¬â¢ or from Sanskrit Ã¢â¬ËakhyansÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËpuranasÃ¢â¬â¢, is a matter of debate among the scholars of Maratha history and Marathi linguistics. The most of the historians raised serious questions about the authenticity of Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢ as a reliable source for history writing. However, historians had always used and still using Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢ as source. The Marathi literary critics, considering Ã¢â¬ËbakharsÃ¢â¬â¢ as an important Marathi prose genre of the pre-colonial period, focused on various aspects in their studies of bakhars such as writing styles, sketches of characters and events, uses of Ã¢â¬ËpuranicÃ¢â¬â¢ and mythical legends, ideal and moral values, uses of divine interventions, descriptions of society and places, vocabulary and uses of phrases, changing meanings of words, constructions of sentences etc in Ã¢â¬ËbakharÃ¢â¬â¢ literature. Unlike the literary critics who mainly studied the origin of bakhar through literary studies as mention above mainly focused on one question i.e. from where bakhar is derived. Making departure from this point, Sumit Guha locates the s... .... Sumit Guha, Ã¢â¬ËSpeaking Historically: The Changing Voices of Historical Narration in Western India.Ã¢â¬â¢ American Historical Review 109, no.4(October 2004):1084-2004. Prachi Deshpande, Ã¢â¬ËCreative Past: Historical Memory and Identity in Western India 1700-1960Ã¢â¬â¢ Permanent Black, Ranikhet, 2007, p.39. Ibid. See, Anirudh Deshpande, Ã¢â¬ËMarathas,Rajputs and Afghans in Mid-Eighteenth-Century India: Bhausahebanchi Bakhar and the Articulation of Cultural difference in Pre-Colonial IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢ , Nehru Memorial Museum and Library Occasional Paper: History and Society, New Series-10, 2013 Sabhasad Bakhar, Introduction, p.15 Ibid, pp.1. Ibid pp. 29-38, 116-127. Ibid, p.131 Ibid, p.132 Chitnis Bakhar, Introduction, p. 17, for more details see G S Sardesai, Ã¢â¬ËMarathi Riyasat Khand 2Ã¢â¬â¢, Popular Prakashan, Mumabai, 2011. Chitnis Bakhar, Introduction, p. 17 Ibid, p.1
Monday, August 19, 2019
Religion in The Grapes of WrathÃ Ã Ã In The Grapes of Wrath the author, John Steinbeck, presents religion in several ways including the fanaticism of the Sin Watchers, Jim CasyÃ¢â¬â¢s parallel character to Jesus Christ, and through the use of symbolism throughout the novel.Ã Through these methods, Steinbeck weaves a web in which religion is presented as a double-edged blade; one can go to the path of being truly a devout, kind person, or one can choose the path of zealously, condemning all who would oppose or go against their views. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Sin Watchers represent the epitome of religious zeal.Ã They force their ideals upon others, and they point out the sinful ways of their fellow camp-mates.Ã These people Steinbeck presents as evil aberrations who disrupt the otherwise peaceful life at the government camp.Ã The most viewed Sin Watcher was the woman who berated Rose Of Sharon for her Ã¢â¬Å"sinfulÃ¢â¬ ways.Ã This horrid woman told Rose Of Sharon that because of the hug-dancing and other fun activities, the baby would be stillborn.Ã Sadly, the baby was born dead, but not necessarily due to Rose Of SharonÃ¢â¬â¢s activities.Ã This woman instilled in Rose Of Sharon the idea that it was her fault that the baby did not survive. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Jim CasyÃ¢â¬â¢s actions bore a close resemblance to the actions of Jesus Christ.Ã In the time the book was published, this was viewed as an act of blasphemy.Ã As discussed in class, many of the acts, trials, and tribulations of Jim Casy (along with the ominous JC initials) parallel those of Jesus.Ã Jim Casy represents the epitome of personal reverence, despite his renunciation of preaching.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Throughout The Grapes of Wrath, religious symbols crop up, further explaining the significance of the section.Ã One use of symbolism is that when on the road to California, Tom encounters a snake.Ã Already established in the novel is the fact that to the Goads, California represents a place of great wealth, freedom, and prosperity.Ã It is a Garden of Eden, so to speak.Ã The Garden of Eden had a serpent who brought the Wrath of God upon Adam and Eve.Ã The serpent supplied them with the forbidden fruit.Ã California is forbidden to outsiders and migrants.
Sunday, August 18, 2019
Flann O'Brien, Dickens and Joyce: Form, Identity and Colonial Influences All quotations from The Third Policeman are taken from the 1993 Flamingo Modern Classic edition. In this essay I intend to examine Flann O'Brien's The Third Policeman in the context of the time of its writing, 1940, its relation to certain English novelistic traditions and also the broader Irish literary tradition in which it belongs. Seamus Deane refers to Ireland as a "Strange Country" and indeed O'Brien's own narrator recalls the words of his father: " . . . he would mention Parnell with the customers and say that Ireland was a queer country." (7) Such a concurrence indicates to a degree the peculiar nature of the Irish situation with regard to theoretical post-colonial models. There is a temptation to see all Irish work since the revival in terms of decolonization. Cahalan, in The Irish Novel, traces the tendency of Irish writers such as Swift, Edgeworth and Maturin to employ fantastic elements and non-realism in direct opposition to English colonial models and in affirmation of certain Irish traditions. Mercier, in The Irish Comic Tradition, points also to the presence of exaggeration, absurdity and scatological detail in Gaelic heroic cycles and poetry. In Flann O'Brien, Bakhtin, and Menippean Satire, M. Keith Booker begins by saying; "It has now become commonplace to think of Flann O'Brien along with James Joyce and Samuel Beckett as the three great Irish fiction writers...
Saturday, August 17, 2019
One of the biggest issues nowadays is environmental sustainability. Sustainability came from the root word Ã¢â¬ËsustainÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬Å"To sustain means to support, bear the weight of, to keep going and to keep aliveÃ¢â¬ (Petry 2). In College Reading 4, Cheryl Benz and Cynthia Shuemann defined environmental sustainability as: Ã¢â¬Å"the ability of the environment to function indefinitely without going into a decline from the stresses imposed by human society on natural systems (such as soil, water, and air) that maintain lifeÃ¢â¬ (129). Here is another definition of environmental sustainability by Kelsey and Becker: Ã¢â¬Å"The general concept of Ã¢â¬Ëenvironmental sustainabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ refers to the necessary balance between human wants and needs and the capacity of the natural systems of the earthÃ¢â¬ (31). As stated in the website of Environmental Protection Agency, the term Ã¢â¬Å"sustainabilityÃ¢â¬ was first used in 1987 when World Commission on Environment and Development report: Our Common Future was published. The concept of sustainability is still in used nowadays and it is of great help for the human race. The whole world is currently experiencing one of the most serious problems regarding the environment which is global warming. We, the human beings are taking for granted the world we are living in. Instead of protecting the world from degradation, we serve as the agents of worldÃ¢â¬â¢s deterioration through our selfish activities and behaviors. Pollution, fast population growth, non-conservation of energy and exploitation of natural sources are some of the human activities that cause environmental problems. Here now comes the issue on environmental sustainability. Can we still say that the environment is capable of sustaining or giving the needs of the present generation as well as the needs of the future generation? Environmental science and the concept of environmental sustainability can be used to help the nations, organizations or even the single individuals in resolving the problems we are facing right now. In opening the minds of individuals about the environmental issues and sustainability, higher education can be used as medium or means. Higher education specifically college level can be used in making the individuals, especially the youth, aware of the environmental degradation the earth is experiencing right now. The universities are one of the best channels in providing the individuals with knowledge and awareness about sustainable development. What is sustainable development? According to Environmental Protection Agency, sustainable development is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Ã¢â¬ Sustainable development is very beneficial not only to the environment but also to economic growth, technological advancement and improvement of quality of life. According to Roger Petry, the university plays as a key contributor to sustainable development. The following are the reasons why Petry considers the university as mediator for sustainable development: a) The university can contribute breadth of knowledge, particularly of human and ecological systems; (b) it has the capacity to integrate knowledge regarding ecological, economic, and social issues, including local knowledge; (c) it has the capacity for global and local sharing of knowledge; (d) it provides knowledge to the poor and marginalized groups; (e) it has the capacity for long-term research; (f) it has academic freedom and institutional autonomy and (g) it is subjected to public accountabilities. 11) In order for higher education to become more sustainable, national and international sustainability declarations were developed. The sustainability declarations for higher education, which are stated according to chronological orders, are as follow: The Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment (1972), Tbilisi Declaration (1977), University Presidents for a Sustainable Future: The Talloires Declaration (1990), The Halifax Declaration (1991), Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Ã¢â¬â Chapter 36: Promoting Education, Public Awareness and Training (1992), Ninth International Association of Universities Round Table: The Kyoto Declaration (1993), Association of Commonwealth UniversitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ Fifteenth Quinquennial Conference: Swansea Declaration (1993), CRE Copernicus Charter (1994) and International Conference on Environment and Society Ã¢â¬â Education and Public Awareness for Sustainability: Declaration of Thessaloniki (1997) (Wright 1). The Stockholm Declaration of 1972 was the first declaration ever made for the sustainability of higher education. Its focus is on the relationship of humanity and environment. The declaration failed to protect the right of natures and it is clearly centered on human (Wright 2). The Tibilisi Declaration was created during the conference by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) on 1977. The Tbilisi Conference echoed the sentiments of the Stockholm Declaration by stating that environmental education should be provided to people of all ages, all levels of academic aptitude and must be delivered in both formal and non formal environments. Ã¢â¬ (Wright 2) Ã¢â¬Å"The Talloires Declaration was the first statement made by university administrators of a commitment to sustainability in higher education. It stated that university heads must provide leadership and support to mobilize internal and external resources so that their institutions respond to this urgent challenge. Ã¢â¬ (Wright 2-3) The Kyoto Declaration of 1990 was created during the Ninth International Association of Universities Round Table with the attendance of 90 international university leaders. Agenda 21 and the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development Conference in Rio de Janeiro are two important conferences in environmental sustainability and biodiversity. The Kyoto Declaration is closely related to these two significant conferences (Wright 5). Almost 400 universities from 47 countries attended the ratification of the Swansea Declaration. One of its important contributions is the prioritization of the third world or the less developed countries. The wealthy countries must support those less developed countries regarding sustainable development among universities (Wright 5-6). The Thessaloniki Declaration of 1997 was ratified during the UNESCO Conference on Environment and Society: Education and Public Awareness For Sustainability that was held in Thessaloniki, Greece. The declaration argued that the concept of environmental sustainability must be clearly linked with poverty, population, food security, democracy, human rights, peace and health and a respect for traditional cultural and ecological knowledge. Ã¢â¬ (Wright 7) Palm Beach Community College is one of those universities that includes sustainability in their curriculum. Ã¢â¬Å"Palm Beach Community College is committed to providing the best educational opportunity for our current students while ensuring that the same opportunity for success is available to our future students as well. Therefore our entire educational organization has dedicated itself to focusing on improving the three areas of sustainability on our campuses and in our community: environmental protection, economic growth and social responsibility. (Palm Beach Community College Sustainability) The above passage is the mission statement of Palm Beach Community College as stated in their website. Palm Beach Community College promotes environmental sustainability by teaching their students about it. They also enhance the awareness of their students regarding sustainability. Palm Beach Community College is a very good example on how higher education can promote sustainability. Palm Beach Community College has many activities that practice sustainable development not only for their students but also for the whole community. Palm Beach Community College is indeed a very great model for promoting sustainability. A good example for this is the use of green buildings in their university. Green buildings are buildings made of materials that are environment friendly. They also made renovations of existing buildings in order to attain greater sustainability (Building and Renovation). Also through energy conservation, sustainability is attained. In order to conserve energy, the lighting in the campus is composed of bulbs that consume less energy. Air conditioning consumes large amount of energy. In order to lessen energy consumption, the university introduced technological innovations to their air conditioners and also the university implemented the greater temperature in their classrooms (Energy Management). Palm Beach Community College also improves their landscaping and grounds. Improvement on landscape and grounds that were mentioned in the website are reducing pesticide use, planting native vegetation, minimizing lawn space, removing pavement, or designing wildlife habitat areas. These activities not only promote environmental sustainability but also display aesthetic value of the campus (Grounds / Landscaping). Palm Beach Community College believes that wildlife must be saved so that the next generation will be able to see those endangered species. One good example of wildlife conservation is the protection of owls inside the campus. The owls give the campus with lesser rodent population in return (Wildlife). Services in Palm Beach Community also prop up environmental sustainability. They encourage their students to eat foods from plants like vegetables and fruits. They also discourage students to use non-environment friendly packaging of food like Styrofoam and plastics (Food Service). Ã¢â¬Å"Green Cleaning is an approach to janitorial services that offers better environmental performance and improved worker health and safety, while retaining the same sanitation quality as traditional, more chemical-intensive methods. Ã¢â¬ (Housekeeping) The university also pushes the use of environment-friendly cleaning products. Recycling is the best way for waste management. All wastes that can be still used must be reused or recycled in order to lessen the wastes that are being thrown away. By this, pollution can be avoided (Waste Management). Sustainable procurement involves making conscious purchasing choices to conserve resources, mitigate pollution and waste, and promote a healthy economy. Ã¢â¬ (Procurement) Toxic chemicals and substances are used in printing but Palm Beach Community College promotes another way of printing which is Ã¢â¬Ëgreen printingÃ¢â¬â¢. The university encourages their students to use recycled papers, double-sided printing, and soy-based inks that are not toxic and less harmful in the environment (Printing). Ã¢â¬Å"PBCC defines service-learning as a teaching method that increases student engagement and success through community involvement to apply theories or skills being taught in a course. (Service Learning) Through service learning, the students are exposed to real life social issues and by that the students can learn how to apply sustainability in order to improve the environment, economy and quality of life. PBCC encourages students to join Ecology clubs in order for them to join co-curricular activities regarding the environment. Ã¢â¬Å"Palm Beach Community College offers students the opportunity to become actively involved with award winning clubs and organizations, by promoting the development of leadership skills, challenging special interests and encouraging interaction with other students. Ã¢â¬ (Mission Statement & Student Clubs & Organizations at the Boca Raton Campus) Some of the events sponsored by Palm Beach Community College are Earth Day, Coastal Cleanup, Transportation transformation and Green Expo. These events are very important to the environment since it is when environmental sustainability is practiced. It is also a very good time for PBCC to educate other people about sustainable development of the environment. As an individual, what can we do to our environment? Palm Beach Community College suggests some ways that we can do for the welfare of the environment. Some of these ways are conservation of energy and water, waste management at home and at work and living a Ã¢â¬ËgreenÃ¢â¬â¢ lifestyle (What Can I Do). Not only the youth and the adults can serve as stewards of environmental rehabilitation, the kids can also help. Palm Beach Community College offers activities for kids that can enhance their awareness on environmental sustainability and at the same time they are enjoying and learning. Some of these activities are Gorilla in the green house, Fish in the lake and National geographic kids (Green for Kids). Smoke emission and the use of non-renewable resources like fossil fuels are some of the problems that are being encountered in transportation. Since transportation is a necessity inside the campus, Palm Beach Community College implements ways and means in minimizing environmental degradation due to waste by-products of transport vehicles. Alternative fuels, such as ethanol and electricity, carpooling incentives, increased bike accessibility, and other solutions are being explored on campuses across the countryÃ¢â¬ ¦ and as a result, these campuses are saving money, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, decreasing water runoff, and realizing myriad other benefits. Ã¢â¬ (Transportation) In the world we are living right now, we can say that the environment is not that sustainable and it has now less capacity to support life. The people nowadays are destroying the nature that God had given us. It is not only the environment that we are not taking care of but also the lives of the future generations. We are leaving then but problems on environment and low quality of life. What we need right now are stewards of environments who will restore its beauty and sustainability. Through higher education, agents of environmental sustainability were being created. One example of the universities that produces individuals that are concerned to the environment is the Palm Beach Community College. It not only opens the eyes of students on current issues regarding the environment but it also brings-up the awareness and sense of responsibilities of students. By that, environmental sustainability is attained. Also, in our own little ways we can bring back what we have lost. If only each and every individual will help on the restoration of the environment, attaining sustainability will be faster.
Friday, August 16, 2019
1 M2,D1 Unit 2 Equality diversity and rights in health and social care M2 Assess the influence of a recent national policy initiative promoting anti discriminatory practice D1 Evaluate the success of a recent initiative in promoting anti-discriminatory practice In this criterion there will be an assessment on a recent national policy initiative and the way it promotes anti- discriminatory practice in health and social care. IndividualÃ¢â¬â¢s rights within a health and social care setting include having access to services and medication.Services should not unlawfully discriminate service users due to their race, gender, disability, religion, belief, or sexuality. Another right of an individual within health and social care is being treated with respect and dignity. No matter what the persons circumstances are when using health or social care services they should always be treated fairly and with respect defiantly if they are in a vulnerable state. Communication is also another right of an individual.Every health and social care setting should have trained professionals who know how to convey effective communication to avoid assumptions and discrimination. As the patients or service users should feel comfortable talking to the staff and know what is happening to them or further plans. For example in a hospital setting once a patient has come out of a big operation a staff member should be able to effectively communicate with them and inform them of all the information that is needed to be given to them.Translators should also be part of any health and social care organisations or easily contacted. All the rights of individuals are included within the Humans Right Act (1998) and they should be applied to the fullest with no contradictory. National policy initiatives National policy initiatives are Laws put together by society rather than the government. They reduce and sometimes stop marginalisation and promote the rights of individuals, whilst meeting their nee ds.The promotion of anti-discriminatory practice is done through the national policies by targeting areas where it is needed. For example the Human Rights Act (1998) and the Disability Discrimination Act (2005), both address anti-discriminatory practice in different ways by ensuring that individuals are treated with respect and dignity and all there other rights are received 2 when being supported by health and social care settings. Every Child Matters (2003) The national policy initiative that will be assessed is Every Child Matters (2003).The aim of this national initiative is to extend services to improve children's life chances and help them with life time problems. This policy highlights the need for services, including schools and social workers and health professionals to work more closely to protect and support the needs and rights of all children. Eight-year old Victoria Climbie died from hypothermia on 25 February 2000 after months of sustained abuse at the hands of her fo ster-carer and Great Aunt, MarieTherese Kouao and her partner Carl John Manning.Victoria visited health and social care settings many times during her being abused and she was complete discharged with no member of staff questioning her marks on her arms and legs and how she broke her leg. Also due to her race she had dark skin colour and therefor bruising was not as apparent. The poor 8 year old went through complete torture and abuse for many years of her life and the health and social care services failed her so many times.Following VictoriaÃ¢â¬â¢s death, the Home Office and the Department of Health invited Lord Laming who is very well known to work with social services and child protection came to a conclusion that there had been to many deaths of young children who have suffered abuse and completely been neglected by the health and social care services. Lord LamingÃ¢â¬â¢s report stated that VictoriaÃ¢â¬â¢s death had been entirely preventable 12 key occasions were identifie d where services could have successfully interfered to prevent Victoria coming to further harm.The 12 key occasions missed consisted of poor decision-making support for front line workers; and failure to share information within and between agencies. This is where multi agency working became more well-known and the every child matters policy (2003) was released with all the enquiries of lord laming which mainly consisted of the services working as a team and making sure that the health and social care settings make sure all assessments are done thoroughly.The Every Child Matters Policy (2003) was formed through lord lammings enquiries and was closely related to the ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Act (2004). Through lord lamming this policy and legislation are able to protect children like Vitoria Climbie and the other cases such as Baby P. The Every Child Matters Policy (2003) promotes anti 3 discriminatory practice in many ways but the five main aspects are the: healthiness Stay safe Enjoy and Achieve Make a positive contribution Achieve economic wellbeing The first assessment of this national initiative policy is the development of healthy lifestyles in children.The holistic approach is used in promoting health to adolescents and children as the following are looked at: physical, sexual health, exercise, controlling personal stress and having self-esteem. Mental and emotional health are two that are very important in promoting anti discriminatory practice within health and social care as they both are the main focus to what influences an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour and well-being. The next assessment is the safety of children this policy provides. The every child matters policy helps in ensuring that children stay safe from harm.For example abuse in any form including discrimination, marginalization and disempowerment. This also includes all health and social care settings to make sure they follow the child protection legislation and criminal records bureau (CRB) check s for all staff in health and social care setting as they work with the most vulnerable of people. Protecting young people from bullying, harassment and other forms of discrimination is vital as it can have major effects on the childÃ¢â¬â¢s future life.Around 1 in 2 children are effected by bulling during school and do unfortunately under achieve and sometimes even turn to suicide (bullying statistics 2009: online). The child matter policy help in promoting anti discriminatory practice in health and social care organisations to keep a clear understanding on how to stop bulling and train staffs in following legislations, policies and procedures to help and reduce forms of bullying and harassment within all different aspect sexual, physical or verbal. Achieving economic well-being is also included in this policy.It also helps in promoting anti Ã¢â¬âdiscrimination by helping children grow good teamwork qualities that will stop them from not only discriminating but also stop others from discriminating. The influence of this policy allows settings like schools to prepare children for the skills and knowledge needed for employment and for living economically independently. It also helps children in developing self- confidence again 4 promoting anti -discrimination as the person being discriminated at can build a good relationship with themselves to prevent them from being effected by the discrimination which could lead to low self- esteem and isolation.This assessment proves to have very positive outcomes on young children as it helps them be trained for the bigger world and allows them to see how they can get good carers and be financially competent. It also includes allowing children to be able to access opportunities for work experience and work-based learning to help them again for the future. On another assessment the child matter policy also includes the importance of children enjoying education and training, and the extent to which children make progress with regard to their learning and their personal development.The influence of this aspect has major promotions to anti-discrimination as it educates children in understanding the wrongness of discrimination and how it is unacceptable in society. This also helps children in later life to have a better quality life as the children will feel as though they have achieved something and this can stop children in underachieving schools to simply by making sure that they are enjoying their lessons. This also reduces abscesses and overall improves assessment levels.Teaching children to safeguard them from abuse and neglect can also have a very positive outlook as it is very unfortunate that t not all abuse are recognised and does not stop them either for example the baby p case. Also according child help 2012: online about 30% of abused and neglected children will later abuse their own children, continuing the horrible cycle of abuse. This is the reason to prompting ways children have to ps ychologically overcome the battle of abuse. Also anti-discrimination can be promoted through a wide curriculum including in teaching children in many different cultures religions value and beliefs.Education is a major promotion in anti-discrimination and health and social care settings can support it by allowing staff to be open mind when approaching children in whatever they do. For example when a teacher is to teach a lesson they should make it fun and exciting that will help the learner be more positive about what they are being taught and actually enjoy it. Advocacy this is usually for the most vulnerable of people therefore this policy uses advocacy to makes sure that the rights of children are given to them in any circumstance.However the advocate needs to make sure they do not start to 5 talk and express themselves through their prospects but rather the individuals. This is also part of being an empathetic professional. Many children do need advocates as they are sometimes un aware of the issues going on around them. For example if a child is experiences discrimination from a teacher they may not see it as discrimination and not do anything about this is where an advocate can help. Advocates can also help children to be involved in planning their care and support with regards to their wishes, hopes and dreams.Every health and social care setting needs to have in place policies and procedures that are followed one by the legislation or acts. All health and social care professionals need to abide by the policies and procedures of the organisation to make sure they meet their role in the appropriate way by following the regulations. The every child matters policy does promote this in there regulations and support every employer in doing so. This is done through efficient training and experience. This is part of the professionalÃ¢â¬â¢s rights to be allowed to have the training that they may need during their practice.This assessment does not only link with the ever child matters policy but all the other national policy initiatives. It has a great influence on the service users as the policies and procedures are mainly made for their benefits and safeguarding the individuals within the practice. The final assessment on the every child matters policy is the promotion of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare. This is linked to ant discrimination in many ways as it looks at ensuring every child has an equal opportunity no matter where they are from to achieve the best possible development they can.Some children may have been deprived of opportunities and assistance in early life due to their background or money issues within the family. This policy helps in problems like that and provide free services for people who cannot afford it also the promotion of anti-discrimination is done through this by allowing a whole range of different children from different ethnicities, religions and overall values come together to gain the same skills and experience s that can be used latter in their adult lives. D1 in evaluating the every child matters policy there are many strengths and weaknesses.Evan though it is a document from the government green paper there are still improvements made. 6 A strength of the every child matters policy is being able to promote antidiscrimination is through clear learner centred development strategies. A central aim of education in citizenship and personal development is to enable pupils Ã¢â¬Ëto become more self-confident and responsible in and beyond the classroom. For example behaving in a polite and respectful manner and also picking up litter. This is a promotion of anti-discriminatory practice as young children are taught on how to respect and care for people.For example telling the children that every race, religion and age is the same and they should all respect each other. Also this is strength in implementing anti-discriminatory practice as citizenship lessons educate children in very important li fe skills such as political and public life. it also educates children in situations where they are vulnerable to abuse and how to get help quickly and safely. For example a stranger taking a teenage girl out to a meal is one of the first steps to rape or even gang rape.Education is the strength seen in the lesson provided for students called citizenship as Hannah Richardson a reporter on BBC news states that there are chances of citizenship lessons to become non-mandatory however it has proven to be a great lesson and made some students truly flourish (2010: online) Strength of the Every Child Matters policy is that it also provided a good initial advice and guidance through this policy. Another strength that links to the citizenship lessons is the wide range of curriculum enhancement activities for learners.For example educational visits in and out of the country, musical art at lunch times similar to sports and extra curriculum activates such as work experience and working enterp rise day are all good ways in promoting anti-discriminatory practice within schools as it again educates students on a wide range of ideas rather than what they just read from text books. For example taking student to Auschwitz in Poland to learn the horrifies of the concentration camps rather than reading it from a text book allows them to see how far discrimination went and how it killed up to 4. million people according to The nizkor project (2011: online) Allowing students to experience and see rather then read and hear can make them more passionate about the whole subject. For example world war 2. A third strength of the Every Child Matters Policy in promoting anti discriminatory practice in health and social care is the different health and social care services 7 working together. Also known as multi agency working. Multi-agency working provides benefits for children, young people and families because they receive tailormade support in the most efficient way.The main positive parts in multi-agency working that help in promoting antidiscriminatory is through early identification and intervention which would have again helped previous cases such as Victoria Climbie and baby P. Easier or quicker access to services or expertise is another part of what makes the multi-agency working more sufficient and can save children from situations in time to spear their lives. This also promotes anti-discrimination as it does not marginalise children in poverty it is an overall strategy to help all children.Overall multi-agency work creates a better quality of service whether the child is using the hospital; dentist or a social worker the different agencies and professionals putting their work together gives a higher chance of the child being in safe hands. However there is also weakness seen in multi-agency work that differ the effects of promoting anti discriminatory practice. For example challenges for workers of creating new professional identities in the growing com munities Of practice in other words professionals become confused in where they stand within the agency.This can cause negative behaviour and in some cases lead to discriminatory practice completely defeating the purpose of promoting anti discriminatory practice. For example if hospital agency joins with a social care agency there may be tension between what each member of staff is eligible to say to the rest of the group and where they are higher than the social workers as there manager or below them. Another weakness of, multi-agency work is the professionals background and form of language.As many health and social care professionals use jargon that suits there profession for example medical jargon for move a limb or some other body part away from the midline of the body would be abduction and ABG Ã¢â¬â arterial blood gas reading. Certain abbreviation can cause difficulties in promoting anti discriminatory practice in the setting as other agencies may feel that they are not be ing told in full of the case. For example social workers may not understand medical jargon and therefore feel that there agency is being left out and not considered.Weakness seen of the education stream the every child policy enquires went there where positive but there also stands negative or weakness that where seen. Evan 8 though Ofsted did believe that the curriculum was boosted by citizenship OFSTED (2012: online) some students felt that they did not want to do the subject as they had heard most of it before. As an eight-year-old said recently, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬Ës so boring when they keep telling you that making the world a better place means picking up litter and not killing whalesÃ¢â¬Ë. BBC News (2012 online) again anti-discrimination is not seen to be prompted if the pupils feel that they do not want to do citizenship as it will benefit them in the least possible way. Also this will lead to an effect of discrimination known as disempowerment as the children may feel they are not given a choice in what they want to and do not want to learn. Overall this criterion has shown the assessments and evaluations of a national policy initiative which is the every child matters policy (2003) that are mostly linked to the Human Right Act (1998).The practices mentioned are very important to be fulfilled in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life for them to have a positive outcome in the adult life. The Human Right Act is the central for health and social care settings. As employers need to be aware of them in any situation to protect all patients and service users of health and social care. Bibliography Edexcel (2011) Unit 2 (online) available at: www. edexcel. com/Pages/Home. aspx accessed 13/02/2012 Stretch. B and Whitehouse. M (2010) Edexcel health and social care level 3 Essex person education limited.Accessed 15/02/2012 Department of education (2012) every child matters: change for children (online) available at: www. education. gov. uk/publications/standard/publicationdetail/ page1/ DfES/1081/2004 accessed 13/02/2012 The Excellence Gateway Treasury (2012) Every Child Matters (ECM) (online) available at: http://archive. excellencegateway. org. uk/page. aspx? o=167914 accessed 12/02/2012 Sen Help advice and info (2011) Every Child Matters (online) available at: www. specialneedshelp. co. k/about-every-child-matters accessed 13/02/2012 Bullying statistics (2009) welcome to bullying statistics (online) available at: 9 www. bullyingstatistics. org/ accessed 13/02/2012 NSPCC (2011) statistics (online) available at: www. nspcc. org. uk/inform/research/ statistics/statistics_wda48748. html accessed 14/02/2012 BBC News (2003) Victoria Climbie: chain of neglects (online) available at: http:// news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/uk/2700427. stm accessed 14/02/2012 BBC new (2010) teachers fear for future citizenship lessons. (Online) available at: online www. bbc. co. uk/news/education-11502537 accessed 14/02/2012 10
Environment is the surrounding of any specific object of the system. The current issue of environmental problems had risen in late 1970 when several industrials masses become evident. Several new industries started and developed several chances for employment for the world. The industries although produce a positive impact on the economy of the world with reference to their monetary benefits but they, as a counter effect, produce several harms to the society as well as their environment. Due to the fact that every input have the output which is some what lower and the remain residual as waste, the world feels that there should be some how some regulation or rules or a guide line to restrict these industries for the betterment of the society and specially for the environment. So it became much more eminent to build an effective guide line, commonly known as policy, as a safety valve for the environment of the world. So a new concept of social economics arrived. For example, an industrial unit which contributes its share to contaminate the environment has an extra opportunity cost known as social cost which effect its market position. After the emission of social economics the concept of an affective environmental control procedure or rules arises this further processed and formed an environmental policy. Although, in social economic that extra social costs were not on the account of the company that produce it but on the account of the whole market. That was the major reason behind the evolution of the environmental policy. The major key interceptors for any environmental policy are its basic harming agents which possess an effective entity in the market or economy. Like deforesting, Water contamination, greenhouse effect etc. An effective environmental policy not only contribute in the development of the country in form of its economic impact but it also prevent from over budgeting and decrease the unit of social cost of any economy. An environmental policy is the basic key element to build a cleaner and safer environment. In other words, the economic policy is the preservator of future raw material for the industries. So an effective environmental policy works as a catalyst for the development of any economy as well as it also creates a conducive environment for the labor and entrepreneurs to use their skills and capabilities. (McKee, 1991) LetÃ¢â¬â¢s have a look on the factors that are currently being configured as a primary concern of any environmental policy. The first factor which is currently most important is the global warming. The temperature of the world has now being in process of change. Mean to say that the temperature of the world is rising. Green House gas effect is the main reason behind that global warming. This green house gas occurs due to the emission of carbon dioxide in burning fossil fuel. Methane (a byproduct of agricultural form) is another element behind that change in temperature rise. They allow the sun heat rays to be in but they donÃ¢â¬â¢t allow the rays to upward emission thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why the surface of the earth is getting much hotter. Another factor which effects the environment is clean air. Again the main source for this contamination is again fossil fuel. After burning these fuels emits carbon dioxide and carbon mono oxide which then mix with air and contaminate it acid rain is also a byproduct of this contaminated air. Another important factor is species preservation. The rapid economic growth has caused several species to vanish. Again the waste from these industries polluted water and caused serious effect on several species. Water quality is one more important factor that effect environmental policy. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also a major issue. Just like water pollution Air pollution with chemicals is also concerning to policy. One of the most important concerns of any environmental policy is the industrial waste because this is one of the most basic elements in contamination of almost every impurity. The true implement of any environmental policy is only possible when we have an effective management system of industrial waste distribution. That how can we protect our resources and environment from polluting by recycling or destroying our industrial waste by any means. The basic industrial waste is usually the by products of any economic yield products. This waste can be in any form. It can be solid, or liquid or gracious or in some cases, radioactive. After the starting of the era of nuclear science another form of waste arrived. This is known as nuclear waste. (Environment, 2008)
Thursday, August 15, 2019
The paper Ã¢â¬Å"International Cooperation in Economic and Security Affairs, by Charles Lipson, published in the October 1984 issue of Ã¢â¬Å"World PoliticsÃ¢â¬ focuses on analyzing the different forms of strategic interaction that address issues pertaining to international cooperation in economic and security affairs. It analyzes the use of the PrisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s Dilemma theory to help clarify some basic features of international conflict and cooperation as well as some objections for its usage as a model of international interaction. It also discusses factors that affect the relationship between superpowers, the hegemonic system, the effect of recessions, the evolution of cooperation as well as detailed account of sustained economic cooperation among developed nations. The PrisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s Dilemma theory demonstrates both the possible benefits from cooperation and the factors that hinder it. The study of international political economy must address how relationships are corrected to make cooperation of exchange sensibly secure. The author emphasizes the main issue in international relations theory, which is the emergence and maintenance of cooperation among sovereign, self-interest states, performing in the absence of centralized authority. Every nation must readily commit to comply with economic agreements in order to facilitate trust and eliminate the risks of cooperating. Strategic cooperation is important in encouraging the creation of rules, norms, and political institutions in the international economy and in security affairs. It is also important to understand the pattern of rule construction in international cooperation.
Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Presentation skills relate to us as a person, its what other people see as they approach us, for example appropriate clothes and a smart appearance and the welcoming with give them and our face expression, every single thing we do sends a message to them about us. 1. Body language Ã¢â¬â Using your body and hands to express yourself. 2. Verbal and non-verbal Ã¢â¬â Verbal communication is when you make speech with another person and non-verbal can be done by body language and/or sign language. 3. Listening Ã¢â¬â Pay interest to someone or something in order to hear them. 4.Seeking clarifications Ã¢â¬â Looking for something clearer or easier to understand by giving more details or a simpler explanation. 5. Responsiveness Ã¢â¬â Being responsive is when you make a positive and quick reaction to something or someone. 6. Eye contact Ã¢â¬â Looking at the person, or people, talking to show youÃ¢â¬â¢re participating and paying attention to the conservation. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Employer s must be clean and tidy all time because it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be a pleasant to be around dirty and unhygienic people. Body Language Our body language is the term given to the messages we pass on by our gestures, facial expressions, posture and our body positions. Gestures is used to communicate who is a distance away, gestures usually reveal our feelings , it is very easy for someone else to relies that we are nervous for example touching out hair or smoothing down your clothes. Every single thing we do gives someone an idea of what we are thinking for example, shrugging your shoulders which is inappropriate basically giving a impression that we donÃ¢â¬â¢t care. Another example when a student is being spoken to they look around gives us a message that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care.Also if a customer in your business is tapping a foot or drumming their figures is a sign that they are getting impatient. Our body position tells others about you, Ã¢â¬ ¢ Facial expressions gives away your tho ughts and emotions. You can always notice if a person is surprised ,disappointed ,bored, joy and even sexual attraction with our eyes and facial expressions. It is inappropriate as a worker you are yawning or raising your eye brow to your customer which would give them you donÃ¢â¬â¢t like them, then that causes inconvenient arguments and fights. Your Posture displays your confidence and attitude, for example if you are a teacher you can not slouch and crossing your legs or arms is a defensive positions. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s different ways of what we do gives a straight forward message where as if you are leaning forward means you are interested and sitting upright and relaxed shows a good positive look. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Your Body Positions tells others how you feel about them, its really like a relationship for example the closer you stand next to a person shows you like each other and other strangers would know you either are a couple or really good friends.It shows you are interested in them, sometimes when teachers nodding there head or shaking there head shows there agreeing with you or disagreeing. Presentation skills are important to customer service because it is a good start point for your organization to keep their policies customer policies friendly, because companies have to provide excellent customer service, this ensures that employees know what to do when they are dealing with customers, which is a success to the business. Good customer service attracts more customers and increases sales.It also improves the business reputation which means customers just through recommendations. Interpersonal skills Ã¢â¬ ¢ Behaviour If you are a friendly person then you will usually be acting normal and behave in a cheerful and friendly way. It has been said if you enjoy your job and if you like working with people you will normally behave in a courteous and thoughtful way and respect their feelings. To be a good committed worker you can not cheat on your employer, tell lies , arrive late, leave early and also pretending being sick . ou would have to be mature about your employers decisions and not sulk in a childish way. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Attitude Our attitude is influenced by the way we think, it more likely if you are depressed you would act negative, if you are fed up you will give up. Its about what you enjoy for example if you enjoy being around people then you person then you would be focused and motivated. You would have to be positive about your work and customers which would give an up beat image of the organisation. Interpersonal skills are the most important skill that anyone can have and should have to be successful.This skill is how people judge one another, Interpersonal skills are related to communicational skills but are more specific about an individuals behaviour and include co-operating, sharing, listening, participating, leadership, and negotiation. Interpersonal skills that you have in your private life is different to the way you use at wor k. Without acting professional or if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t show interest in helping your customers you would get fired by your employers because he or she wont be proud of your behaviour regardless how you feel personally. Communication skills Communication Skills Formal and informalVerbal and non-verbal Listening Seeking clarifications Responsiveness Eye contact Body language Use of business language Adapt communication to audience Presentational skills Invite commitment Regardless of what business you are in , a large corporation, a small company, effective communication skills are essential for success. You would need to speak to your customers politely and have a nice smooth tone just the way you talk to your tutor and the way you would talk if you was in a interview. You would have to know when you should be formal and informal on the phone or speaking to your manager.Verbal communication is when you make a speech with another person and non verbal can be done by body language and s ign language. Being assertive in listening and speaking will mean that your intentions are clear to others and you understand others clearly and correctly. You would have to speak clearly so that your customer understands. Also the pace of your voice which you speak it is not a good impression if you speak slow which will make employers think your shy or nervous. In a company you would not be able to speak slang around business staffs.Communicating with all the other organisers will help meet the organisation function more effectively as the business will run a lot smoother and everyone in the business will know what is happening, and what they have to do to keep the business running. Keeping a steady frame of mind is good communication and when a problem crops up, each area leader should get together and talk through the problems and come to some sort of agreement. It is important that staff prevent themselves appropriately and prepare their work area before the djz arrive and visi tors.In life fm majority of customers are members of the public coming to advertise staff or radio or people that have interviews and because I was working at the reception area I was to be smartly dressed and also to be approachable to speak to this includes having good hygiene. It was extremely important that I had a positive attitude towards djs and my staff. It was important that the desk I was working at was clean and tidy before visitors arrive to provide a pleasant and sufficient enviorment to give the impression to the customers that radio station was looked well after. Dress CodeI was instructed by my manager to wear a smart blouse with smart trousers and shoes no trainers. Positive attitude While on my work experience I was expected to be professionally present. Posture I had to have a good posture which means sitting down and looking confident, I had to look interested and not bored by yawning answering the phone in rude way. Personal space It was important that I was a d esk top away from our Life Fm vistors when they came in, which is a comftable way for both side, First impression The first impression of life fm was it looked clean and staff didnÃ¢â¬â¢t look scruffy which looked like a successful organised business.